What Are The Main Types Of Excavation in Tuscarawas County, Ohio?

Every construction requires a strong foundation, whether residential or commercial buildings, bridges, roadways, utility lines, or sewer pipes. This makes excavation a vital part of every construction work. The process applies different tools to remove rocks, soils, and other underground materials from a site for construction purposes.

Different types of excavation can be classified depending on the task ahead. The excavation type selected will determine the tools used. Some of these excavation types include:

1. Topsoil Excavation

Fine soil and sand excavation marks one of the most common excavation methods. The process involves the removal of fine materials like sand from a construction site. Depending on the tools, this can be used to pack and move the excavated materials. This is the most basic excavation type; hence, almost all the other types of work with sand removal except drilling.

The sand and fine soil excavated in this process can be kept for later. Hence, it’s essential to consider this before the operation kicks off. This method also involves the removal of vegetation, its root zone, and other decaying material.

2. Rock Excavation

This method involves the removal of rocks from a construction site to obtain a clear and smooth surface. Rock excavation is more complicated than topsoil excavation and cannot be done manually. It requires enhanced expertise and methodologies like blasting or drilling for perfect results.

The contractors might also need heavy machinery to make the work more manageable. However, this is determined by the desired depth and size of the rock. A jackhammer can be used for smaller stones.

3. Earth Excavation

The earth excavation method is used to remove soil underneath the topsoil. This is done to give a stronger foundation to a structure and create drainage dikes. Due to their substantial size, many earth excavation projects require large machines and vehicles, such as diggers, excavators, and dump trucks.

4. Muck Excavation

Muck excavation is like earth excavation as it is determined by the material on site. This process involves the removal of unwanted water or soil due to contamination or other factors. Water or soil may render the area impassable, necessitating its disposal for the contractor to complete the job. Excavators can remove the muck and move it to a different location or spread it out for the soil to dry.

5. Underground Excavation

This process is more complex than the others and demands tools and equipment for optimal results. Although every excavation should be cautiously handled to avoid accidents, underground pits require more. During roadway or subways construction, tunnels or shafts are excavated. This is also a standard procedure in the construction of sewage or canals.

6. Drainage Excavation

This is an excavation process that involves the removal of water from a piece of land. This process might involve the construction of trenches or ditches. It can also take place during the construction of storm drains.

Drainage excavation involves the installation of pipes underneath roadways. All the materials removed during this process are disposed of since they cannot be reused.

Understanding excavation types simplifies choosing the right method for any project. It also streamlines project cost and time estimation.
C3 Excavation is a local excavation company serving Tuscarawas County, Ohio, and surrounding areas. We invite you to contact us today!